- About Tehran
Tehran is the capital city of Iran. A bustling metropolis of 14 million people, it is situated at the foot of the towering Alborz mountain rang. Tehran is a cosmopolitan city, with great museums, parks, restaurants, warm friendly people. It deserves at least a few days of your Iranian itinerary.
Tehran Altitude between 1 ,200 and 1 ,700 meters. Mehrabad Airport to the west of city. Railway: European link through Tabriz and Istanbul , internal lines to Mashhad , Yazd and Khoramshahr. Regular coach services in all directions.
Capital and largest city of Iran and Tehran Province in an area of 600sq. km. since 200 years , is located in the northern part of the country. Tehran is Iran’s administrative , economic , and cultural center as well as the major industrial and transportation center of the region. The city sits on the slopes of the Alborz Mountains at an elevation of about 12 10 m. , on the northwestern fringes of the Dashte-e Kavir , a desert in central Iran. Most of the grow1h is channeled along an east-west axis and toward the south , to the north , the city is constrained by the steep Alborz Mountains. Most commercial and government buildings are located in the center of the city. Residential structures predominate elsewhere. The climate has marked seasonal contrasts , with short springs and autumns separating cold winters and hot , dry summers.
Tehran is the latest and the largest capital city in the 7000-year history of Persia , as Iran was called by many people in the West before 1935. The original settlement of Tehran , north of the ancient city of Rey , may have been founded as early as the 4th century. By the early 13th century it was a small village. In 1221 invading Mongols led by Chengis Khan destroyed Rey , but Tehran survived and grew slowly in the following centuries. During the reign of the Safavid Shah Tahmasp (1524-1576) a wall and four watchtowers were built around the city , and by the early 17th century Tehran had about 3000 houses. In the 1720s Afghan invaders attacked Tehran. The town defeated the initial Afghan force but fell to the main Afghan army and suffered tremendously under their occupation from 1723 to 1729. Nadir Shah freed Tehran in 1729. In 1788 Aqa Mohammad Khan , founder of the Qajar dynasty , made Tehran his capital , inaugurating the modern history of Tehran. At this time Tehran’s population was estimated to be 15 ,000. Under the Qajar dynasty (1786-1925) , Tehran grew in population and size , and new administrative buildings , palaces , mosques , and garrisons were constructed.